The June survey allocated some of its space for opinions of respondents on situation of the owners of small and medium size enterprises. The results show that two fifths (41%) consider the objections raised by the concerned groups to be justified. 28% think the opposite and almost a third (31%) do not feel to be competent to judge. Those respondents who believe that the objections raised by entrepreneurs were justified also commented on the question if certain bodies should help to solve their problems.
Within the 15+ population group there were 44.2% of economically inactive people in the first half of 2003, whilst the biggest proportion consisted of pensioners (23.7%), followed by students and young apprentices (12.3%). The share of the unemployed was 4.8%, housewives and mothers on maternity leave represented 3.4%. In the group of those that were economically active (55.8%), there were 8.
Only 4.4% of respondents over 18 gave a positive answer to the question “Have you worked abroad?”. About a fifth stated that their last work abroad was organised under an international agreement. Others characterised it as daily or weekly commuting or a seasonal job lasting up to three months, or work organised elsewhere. There was a rather large quantity of recorded information on work abroad (35%): a quarter of respondents stated that some of their friends worked there (24%) and another 11% stated that a family member had worked abroad.
Results of our survey show that currently 6% of Czechs are considering working abroad, almost half of them are young people between 15 and 19, with students prevailing in the group. Work abroad is considered by men twice as often as women, further, it is considered by people without dependants, single and lone people. Most Czechs considering work abroad would prefer their destination to be Germany, the USA, the UK or Canada.
Within the group of the 15+ population where the option of unemployment could be first considered, a quarter of them (26%) have experienced unemployment since 1989, while 9% of were unemployed repeatedly. People with basic education (43%) were those who most often experienced unemployment, unlike university graduates where the ratio of those who had ever been unemployed was relatively low (9%).
Our May survey confirmed a low level of professional mobility of our employees: 45% of them have remained in one profession during the course of their lives, a quarter of employees have changed their profession twice at most: 16% once and 9% twice. 7% changed it three times and another 7% more than three times. Respondents who changed their profession at least once gave more detailed information on how many times they had done it since 1989.
A total of three fifths of economically active Czechs work in the town or a village where they also reside, while two fifths commute. Mainly people from villages and small towns commute. More than a half of economically active people (56%) travel between home and work in less than 20 minutes whilst exactly a quarter manage to complete a journey between home and work in less than10 minutes. Another group of more than a quarter of the employed 28% take between twenty and forty minutes to get to work and the remaining 16 % travel to work for an even longer, whilst 3% need more than an hour to complete one journey.
The question “How, in general, are you satisfied with your job?”, was answered as follows: 66% of respondents answered that they were happy with their jobs, 6% were dissatisfied and 28% were only partly satisfied. The most important factors contributing to job satisfaction are the length of commuting time and the level of interesting aspects of the job (80% of satisfied employees). On the other end of the scale, there were financial factors, i.
In the May census we surveyed if Czech employees provide a higher or lower efficiency compared to those coming from the West and East. 24% of respondents presume that there are differences in working efficiency between Czech and Western staff, 30% think that the efficiency will not be different and 46% of respondents were unable to answer the question. Two thirds of those who presume that the efficiency will differ also think that the efficiency of Western staff will be higher.
Most of economically active respondents who are concerned with this problem stated that they did not have problems balancing both (59%). About a fifth handles their job tasks very well - but at the expense of their family (21%). Two percent experience the opposite – they cut work short for the benefit of their family. Fifteen percent manage to handle just half of family and work responsibilities. Three percent of respondents balance work and family with major difficulties.