Two-fifths of the Czech public tend to think that the responsibility for the existing conflict between Israel and Palestine is shared equally between the two warring parties, one fifth puts the blame on Palestinians and approximately one in twenty Czechs see Israel to be more responsible. Apart from this, disagreement with the practice of the Israeli army in the Palestinian territory dominates among our citizens (36 %) over the opposite opinion (21 %). 73 % think that there is a realistic possibility of further intensification of the conflict in Israel and in the occupied Palestinian territories. The opposite opinion is surpassed by the view that there is a danger of spreading the conflict into neighbouring countries. Expectations of achieving a peaceful solution for the Middle East crisis in the near future are rated by Czechs predominantly sceptically.