Economic situation and material living conditions from the perspective of public opinion in central european comparison

As a part of June survey CVVM used some questions concerning current evaluation and expectation of near future development of country's economic situation and material living conditions of households. Within CEORG organization similar surveys are also regularly realized in Poland, Hungary and Slovakia. This press information offers comparison of their basic results.

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Evaluation of economic transformation after year 1989

In June survey CVVM SOÚ AV ČR, v.v.i., used a question that was focused on public evaluation of Czech economic transformation after year 1989. Other questions asked Czech citizens about reasons why they suppose the economic transformation to be successful or unsuccessful. As a part of this press information the answers are sorted according to sociodemographic indicators of the addressed sample of population.

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Taxation in View of Public Opinion

20 % of citizens regard taxation on high-income earners as high, 24 % say it is adequate and 43 % think it is low. Taxation on average-income earners is considered to be high by 47 % of respondents, adequate by 42 % and low by 2 % of citizens. Taxation on low-income earners was supposed to be high by two thirds of people (66 %), adequate by 23 % and low by 2 %. 71 % of respondents think that tax rate should be higher for high-income earners than for low-income earners.

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The economic situation and material living conditions from the perspective of public opinion in central european comparison

Citizens of Slovakia, Czech Republic and Poland evaluate present economic situation in their respective countries similarly. In all three cases the share of positive expressions was about quarter and the portion of critical evaluation amounted to three tenths. Quite different is the evaluation made by Hungarians when two thirds of them judge the present economic situation in Hungary as bad.

Czech citizens identified material living conditions of their households mainly as good and in comparison with other three countries where the similar survey was made Czech evaluation is the best.

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Inflation And Real Income Of Households In View Of Public

Three fifths of Czech citizens (61 %) consider current inflation to be acceptable, on contrary roughly one fifth of people (21 %) share the opposite opinion. Present evaluation of inflation has been historically the most positive since 1993, when this survey started.

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Evaluation of economic level of the Czech Republic in context of some other countries

71 % of Czech citizens evaluate current economic level of the Czech Republic positively, when 3 % indicate it as very good and 68 % appraise it as rather good. On contrary 28 % of citizens judge economic level of the Czech Republic critically, when 26 % of these indicate it as rather bad and 2 % see it as very bad. On a ladder with other nine monitored states, Czech Republic took the third place ahead of all post-socialist countries, when the first and second position is occupied by Germany and Austria.

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Evaluation of economic level of the Czech Republic in context of some other countries

72 % of Czech citizens evaluate current economic level of the Czech Republic positively, when 3 % indicate it as very good and 69 % appraise it as rather good. On contrary 27 % of citizens judge economic level of the Czech Republic critically, when 25 % of these indicate it as rather bad and 2 % see it as very bad. On a ladder with other nine monitored states, Czech Republic took the third place ahead of all post-socialist countries, when the first and second position is occupied by Germany and Austria.

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The economic situation and material living conditions from the perspective of public opinion in central european comparison

Citizens of Czech Republic are most positive about current economical situation of their country. 28 % of Czechs suppose current economical situation of Czech Republic to be good, 27 % of people consider it to be bad and 44 % of Czech citizens characterize current economical situation as "neither good nor bad". In other countries critical opinions prevail positive opinions, when Poles evaluate current economical situation of their country most positively, Hungarians are less positive and Slovaks are the least positive.

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Public opinion on inflation and progressive taxation

Almost a half of Czech citizens (49 %) consider current inflation to be acceptable, on contrary roughly a third of people share opposite opinion. Present evaluation of inflation has been historically the most positive since 1993, when this survey started.

21 % of citizens regard taxation on high-income earners as high, 22 % say it is adequate and 44 % think it is low. Taxation on average-income earners is considered to be high by 50 % of respondents, adequate by 39 %, low by 3 % of citizens.

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The economic situation and material living conditions from the perspective of public opinion in central european comparison

Generally, critical evaluation of the current economic situation prevailed positive evaluation. . The highest degree of satisfaction was recorded in Czech Republic (12% good, 41% - bad economic situation, 42 % no good or bad), and the highest in Slovakia (70% bad, 2% good). Lower degree of satisfaction is in Hungary, where almost a half or citizens (48%) critically consider current economic situation, only 1 out of 20 citizens stated positive evaluation.

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