Public about the Prague Spring and about the Communist invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968

In January 2008 Centre for Public Opinion Research surveyed opinions about the Prague Spring and about the Communist invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968. The respondents were asked if they have a lot of informations about these topics and how strong was, in their opinion, the impact of selected social groups and institutions on the events of 1968 in Czechoslovakia. The survey also focused on how importace of those events the Czech citizens ascribe.

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Security Risks for the Czech Republic in the Public Opinion View

The most serious threat for peace and security in the Czech Republic is considered to be an international organized crime (62 % respondents consider it as a „serious thread“) followed by terrorism (53 %). Currently the calamities (35 %) or epidemics (26 %) are seen as a real threat for the Czech Republic by Czech citizens more than the eventual war conflict (16 %).

As a most dangerous countries for peace and security in Czech Republic were mentioned Iran (17 %), Iraq (16 %), Russian federation (16 %), USA (12 %), Afghanistan (8 %) and China (7 %).

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Public opinion on the break-up of Czechoslovakia

At the beginning of the year 2008 it passed fifteen years since Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In its regular survey ‘Our society’ in November 2007 the Public Opinion Research Centre examined how this historic event is viewed nowadays. Fifteen years ago, only 25 % of Czech citizens agreed with the break-up, while 52 % were opposed and 23 % do not know according to their current statements.

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Is Czechoslovakia break-up still an important issue?

In its regular survey in December 2007 the Public Opinion Research Centre focused on the questions about the break-up of former Czechoslovakia. A strong majority (81 %) of Czechs thinks that splitting of Czechoslovakia is not a current and live issue nowadays. About three quarters (71 %) of population assume that there is no reason to continue the discussion about causes of the Czechoslovakia break-up.

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The break-up of Czechoslovakia: feelings related to this event and public opinion about the causes of the break-up

The Czechoslovakia break-up was one of the main issues in regular survey in December 2007. According to this survey 47 % of Czechs say the Czechoslovakia break-up was not necessary; 30 % think it was. About quarter (23 %) has no opinion. Regret and sorrow are feelings linked with the creation of the Czech Republic after splitting of federation.

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Public opinion on the process of Czechoslovakia break-up and relationship between Czechs and Slovaks

A December 2007 poll „Our Society“ showed that Czechs are proud of the peaceful Czechoslovakia break-up. But the public opinion is divided, whether this peaceful process was unique, or it was just a common way how to solve the problems in our political and geographic space: 45 % of Czechs say the peaceful break-up was unique, 39 % think it is a common way of solving problems.

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General and political stances and left-right political orientation of the Czech population

Monitoring public stances on certain general and political issues is commonly included in researches of public opinion. The array of questions included in the October survey of the Public Opinion Research Centre focused primarily on general economic issues, selected aspects of social security and personal responsibility, and on the issue of freedom. The results reveal that, inter alia, the Czech public strongly prefers the maximisation of freedoms and the concept of a state that protects the freedoms and rights of its citizens in the event of their violation to a state that pre-emptively limits their rights and freedoms.

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Trust To Some Public Institutions

As a part of March CVVM survey there was a question investigating citizens' trust to Courts, Police, Army, Media, Labour Unions and Churches. The press information covers also a longterm development of trust to these public institutions since 1993.

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Urgency of solution of some problems

The most urgent problem is supposed to be corruption closely followed by health care and economic criminality. Common criminality, unemployment, social security and functioning of economy are other areas which are considered by majority of public to be very urgent to deal with.

 

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Public opinion on some legislative changes

In January survey the interviewers of the Centre for Public Opinion Research questioned respondents about their attitude to some concrete legislative changes that were introduced from 1 January 2007. At least eight out of ten people agree with pension increase (91 %), special care benefit (90 %), right to expel the attacker from home (89 %), children benefit increase (86 %), parental benefit (86 %), TV commercial time cut (86 %), new social benefit – „immediate help“ (80 %), birth grant increase (80 %), minimum wages increase (84 %).

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