Public opinions and possible changes of current political system

According to January survey more than 80 % of citizens would gladly accept a chance to decide important problems in referendum. 8 out of 10 citizens criticise high expenses of pre-election campaign, 80% of respondents suggested limiting of these expenses. Almost three quarters of respondents wish, the President of the Czech Republic was elected by all voters.

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Urgency of some problems out of citizen point of view

The most urgent problem is supposed to be unemployment and 70% of respondents supposed the sollution of unemployment to be very urgent, 26% rather urgent. Corruption(67% of respondents find it very urgent, 26 % rather urgent) is regarded as almost same urgent problem as unemployment together with organized crime (66% very urgent, 27 rather urgent) and health care (63% very urgent, 30 rather urgent) and criminality ( 57% very urgent, 37% rather urgent).

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Public attitudes to the structure of political system

In December survey CVVM also focused on respondents‘ opinions on the structure of political system.

First question was - whether czech respondents would accept other non-democratic political systems in Czech Republic and what are general respondents‘opinions on other non-democratic regimes. The next question showed public opinions, whether it is possible, that there would start a non-democratic alternative of political system in next five years.

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Public opinion of general problems

In December 2004 CVVM added a a question to its survey to analyse public opinions about state’s position in economical and social area.

Each of respondents was shown a list with five pairs of opposing statements, respondents had to express, what statement they agree definitily or probably with.

 

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Trust in some authorities in our society and in people around us

As a September poll of the Public Opinion Research Centre indicates, people place the greatest trust in persons they know (87% of respondents trust most of them) and in the president (76%). They generally consider the army (62%) and the media, namely television (67%) and newspapers (61%), to be trustworthy. More than a half of respondents are of the opinion that they can believe the majority of people in our country (51%), whereas two fifths are persuaded to the contrary.

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Position of parties on a right-left scale

As regards the political parties represented in the Chamber of Deputies, citizens classify them from the left to the right as follows: Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSCM), Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD), Christian and Democratic Union–Czechoslovak People’s Party (KDU-CSL), Freedom Union-Democratic Union (US-DEU), Civil Democratic Party (ODS), with the last three parties lying in the right half of the used scale.

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Political systems as seen by voters of big parliamentary parties

Within a framework of a methodological experiment, a June survey of the Public Opinion Research Centre included a few questions concerning the issue of political systems. The print information analyses the evaluation of political systems that existed in the Czech Republic in the recent past, as well as some generally named variants. We also monitored the significance of some attributes of political systems, such as freedom or equality.

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General and political stances of the Czech population

Monitoring public stances on certain general and political issues is commonly included in researches of public opinion. The array of questions included in the June survey of the Public Opinion Research Centre focused primarily on general economic issues, selected aspects of social security and personal responsibility, and on the issue of freedom. The results reveal that, inter alia, the Czech public strongly prefers the maximisation of freedoms and the concept of a state that protects the freedoms and rights of its citizens in the event of their violation to a state that pre-emptively limits their rights and freedoms.

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Women in politics

In a June survey of the Public Opinion Research Centre, the citizens polled expressed their views on the issue of women in politics. Almost 44% of them believe that politics would change for the better if more women were involved. 5% of respondents took an anti-feminising attitude towards politics, thinking that politics would change for the worse in the event of more women being involved. 40% of those surveyed are of the opinion that politics would not change if more women participated in it.

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Public opinions on the activities of women in politics

In June, the Public Opinion Research Centre conducted a survey dealing with, inter alia, the issue of women in politics. The vast majority of Czech citizens (84%) hold the opinion that the involvement of women in public affairs is beneficial to society. On the other hand, only a tenth of respondents think that it is not beneficial. Less than a quarter of respondents believe that the participation of women in public life is sufficient.

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